The Pikes Peak Barr Trail

Home of the Pikes Peak Ascent and Marathon

By Matt Carpenter
www.skyrunner.com

Introduction
Having run up and down Pikes Peak on several occasions I was asked to write a course description for the 1995 book America’s Ultimate Challenge — The Pikes Peak Marathon. Since then the course description has become longer and more detailed with a few “side trips” thrown in. Some major updating was done to get it ready for the 2005 update to above mentioned book.

Index



       Average Pikes Peak Times     
Year   Asc F   Asc M   Mar F   Mar M 
1990  4:47:46 4:11:45 7:10:55 6:27:01
1991  4:48:07 4:09:51 7:17:41 6:26:28
1992  4:41:56 4:07:23 7:14:28 6:29:27
1993  4:40:19 4:09:13 7:18:59 6:35:00
1994  4:38:34 4:07:06 7:16:36 6:37:30
1995  4:39:07 4:10:24 7:15:27 6:33:26
1996  4:49:24 4:20:27 7:26:17 6:48:21
1997  4:57:32 4:27:58 7:32:10 6:50:11
1998  4:48:41 4:22:04 7:32:53 7:04:39
1999  4:55:44 4:25:35 7:26:14 6:58:03
2000  4:54:47 4:23:19 7:37:45 7:02:39
2001  4:44:44 4:18:07 7:31:17 7:12:30
2002  4:53:03 4:24:26 7:35:31 7:06:16
2003  4:55:18 4:25:38 7:41:04 7:04:35
2004  4:45:49 4:21:50 7:37:27 7:07:03
2005  4:50:00 4:24:27 7:46:20 7:07:59
2006  4:48:23 4:17:25 7:42:09 6:59:04
2007  4:46:51 4:15:51 7:39:32 7:08:26
2008* 3:54:06 3:47:30 7:45:44 7:10:02
2009  4:40:36 4:19:24 7:36:43 7:00:07
2010  4:42:25 4:19:12 7:32:43 7:01:51
2011  4:47:46 4:25:01 7:37:30 7:01:42
2012  4:47:08 4:23:38 7:37:21 7:08:28

* In 2008 severe weather forced the
  A-Frame cut-off to be moved to
  10:15am for all runners. This is
  ~4:40 Ascent pace for Wave 1, and
  ~4:00 Ascent pace for Wave 2

See times and paces for all years
Before we start
When it comes right down to it races are about their courses and this course is one of the most challenging in the world. The Barr Trail, on which the races take place, winds up the eastern face of 14,115 foot Pikes Peak — 30th on the list of Colorado’s 53 peaks which rise above 14,000 feet (note: some lists place it as 31st out of 54). Starting in Manitou Springs right at 6,300 feet (Colorado Springs Utilities placed a Facilities Information Management Systems marker, FIMS MV08, in front of the city hall near the start line that is listed at 6,300.464 feet if you just have to know) and gaining about 7,750 feet before reaching the finish line or turnaround point at around 14,050 feet, the Pikes Peak Ascent and Marathon will redefine what you call running. In fact, many runners spend a great deal of time walking. It can not be overemphasized that the average Ascent time from 2002 through 2006 has been 4h22m47s for men and 4:50:29 for women. That translates into 19m44s a mile for male runners and 21:48 a mile for females. The Marathon has taken an average of 7:05:09 for men and 7:41:02 for women. This works out to 16:13 a mile pace for men and 17:35 a mile for women. To see the average time and pace for all years go here.

After running the races many runners find it hard to believe that it could take as long as it does and feel that the course must be longer than stated. The reality is that the course has been lengthened to get it to where it is. When the race started in 1956 the start and finish were located in front of the COG depot. In 1960 the finish was moved .7 miles down Ruxton to its current location. In 1976 the race start was moved from the COG down to its present location in front of City Hall which added 1.1 miles. That was the last course change. However, over the years the written distances of the races have been changed several times even when the course remained the same! Unfortunately for our egos the written distances have been getting shorter, not longer. Even as late as 1982 the entry form had the distances listed as 14.3 miles for the Ascent and 28.2 miles for the marathon. The 1984 entry form stated that the Ascent was “14+” miles long. John Capis, an engineer from New Mexico, and who incidentally trained the women’s Ascent and marathon course record holder Lynn Bjorklund, actually believed that the course was short! He spent two summers measuring and re-measuring the course and put together a detailed log with every conceivable landmark and its position on the course down to the inch. He came up with distances of 13.36 miles for the Ascent and 26.31 miles for the marathon. These numbers were rounded to 13.4 and 26.3 and were used from about 1987 through 1995. In 1996 13.32 and 26.26 miles were used and since then 13.32 and 26.21 miles have been used. Since .01 of a mile is just 52.8 feet I would not worry too much about it and as stated the actual course has not been changed since 1976 when it was lengthened 1.1 miles.

At any rate, and within reason, it would not be too hard to take you through the course mile by mile as most course descriptions do. However this is not practical and even less useful. Although temporary mile markers are put up for race weekend they are best used as mental “check offs” because for the most part each mile is harder than the last one thus making any kind of pace per mile strategy useless. Indeed, the same effort that produces a 9 minute mile at the bottom may give you a 25 minute mile on the top! It is relying on a pace per mile strategy that every year has someone from Flatland, USA sending in an entry form with a predicted time stating something to the effect of “I have run a 1:25 half-marathon and since this course has a hill in it I plan to run around 1:50.” This is 11 minutes faster than the current course record. Even a top Colorado Springs runner was quoted as saying before her first Ascent, “At least I know when I get to the A-frame I will only have about 30 minutes left because it is only 3 miles.” Her time for the last three miles was closer to 45 minutes. On the other end of the spectrum many repeat runners of the race think that they can make up extra time by going just a little harder at the beginning of the race only to come back later with tales of the death march from Barr Camp to the top. Clearly this is one course where it pays to know what you are getting into!

A course description should enable the first-time Pikes Peak runner to set realistic goals and help the veteran peak runner lay out a strategy to improve on their past performances. To do this most runners prefer to break the course down into major landmarks. While it might be worthwhile to list a series of times for major landmarks it is more constructive to state each landmark as a percent of the total Ascent time. For example, to say that Hydro Street should be reached in 7:38 opens up more questions than it answers. Who should reach Hydro Street in 7:38? However stating that Hydro Street should be about 6.3% of your Ascent time works for almost everyone. A person shooting for a 3-hour Ascent should try to hit Hydro Street at about 11 minutes 20 seconds. Please see the pace calculator to compute all of your splits. While you are there please read the notes to the right of the calculator!!!

One final note before we start our virtual run up the mountain. One of the most often used maps of the course is plastered on the back of every Pikes Peak Ascent and Marathon T-shirt. A quick note on that map — it is much scarier looking than the real thing! This is because it shows a profile of the mountain and does not show the switch-backs that go up it’s face. The image below represents the average percent grade of the Pikes Peak Ascent and Marathon.

11% incline

Now, obviously the grade varies as there are some downhills on the way up just as there are some sections which are much steeper. The point is don’t let the T-shirt map scare you! At the same time don’t let this gentle looking incline fool you — over time it will have you begging for mercy!!! If you want to see an actual scale elevation profile for the section of the course that goes from the Cog Railway Depot to Barr Camp please see the first sidebar about the Barr Trail Mountain Race.

With this in mind, we can start our run up and down Pikes Peak


  Google Earth View of the Pikes Peak Marathon Course




Google Earth View
For those that have Google Earth, you can now view the course in 3D as well as do a flyover of it! This does not change the need to read the course description (over and over) but it sure helps complete the picture.

KMZ Google Earth view of the Pikes Peak Marathon Course.

After Google Earth starts press the play button to do a flyover of the course!


The start The start/road
The preferred line-up position for the more competitive runner is on the left side facing the Peak as this affords the best tangent. For the majority of runners, a place anywhere in the crowd is fine. The "forced" slower start amidst a sea of other bodies may just be the best way to avoid paying an expensive price — in the form of exhaustion - later. After the canon goes off the race starts just like any other, and just like any other the first minutes are the most important. Now is a good time (and the only chance for a long time) to look up at the Peak and ask yourself if you can hold your current effort for the next 2 to 6.5 hours — again, 4h22m is the average male Ascent time, 4:51 the females. The first couple of minutes on the course are mostly flat. Pay attention and pick the best tangents on the wide turning road. At the left turn onto Ruxton Avenue at .42 miles you should be feeling great! You may be surprised just how much you have to hold back to feel this way but remember if you were running a flatland marathon you would not be pressing the first half-mile of the race. For most the only indicator of their effort will be their breathing. Don't become one of the thousands who have made the mistake of starting out too fast only to end up as participants in the "death march" from Barr Camp to the summit. It is not too late to put the brakes on and get your pace under control.

After passing Miramont Castle on Ruxton Avenue the course takes a noticeable turn in the direction of up. To run the same effort, you must, by definition slow down. There will be a gentle reminder on your right side in the form of a large yellow road sign that simply reads, SLOW. Shortly thereafter you will come to a fork in the road which is right at the 1 mile point of the race. You will take the right fork which will briefly put you on Winter Street before connecting back into Ruxton Avenue just before the Cog Railway Depot. This is a short but steep section before leveling out for an even shorter section in front of the Depot. If you are feeling bad at this point there may still be some spots left on the train. For everyone else the fun is about to begin!

First switch-back
After you pass by the Cog Railway Depot you will go by Hydro Street at about 1.25 miles. This should take 6.3% percent of your Ascent time. Again, it is surprising just how relaxed you have to be running in order not to be too far ahead of this time. If you were to take the right up Hydro Street you would find the Barr Trail trailhead as well as a very limited amount of parking. Even if you do park here for training run back down Hydro Street so that you can use the same access road to the Barr Trail as the race does. The next ¼ mile represents the only change in the course in recent years. Half of this section was poorly paved after the 1994 race and all of it was paved nicely after the 2004 race. In a way it can help because it offers better traction however slipping feet in the loose rocks did serve as a reminder to slow down.

If you have been working for position, now is the time to stop and establish a rhythm. The hill that starts at Hydro Street is the steepest on the course and it is silly to take the chance of blowing your race on such a short section. Indeed, this one section has probably been the cause of more poor performances than any other on the course. If people pass you here ignore them because you'll most certainly see these runners further up the trail when they pay for their indiscretion. At the top of the hill there is a short level section that will bring you to two gates. The gate on the right (open on race day) is the way to the top. The gate to the left leads to a small bridge that has a sign on it that reads: DANGER WATER HAZARD NO TRESPASSING.

It is also at these gates that the asphalt ends and a steep section of crude gravel roadway begins. After this another little level section will tease you before yet another steep section. The roadway splits briefly here forming a turn-around and it is here that you may see some parked cars for your first aid station. If you use the station make it a "grab and go" so people don't pass you just before the roadway ends and you funnel onto a single track trail. After you pass some fencing on your left you will arrive at the end of your first switch-back. The sharp right turn marks the end of the steep section and if you ran it right the next short section will feel almost flat.

The Ws
Counting the just finished switch-back as one, there are 13 switch-backs on the front side of Rocky Mountain. This section is known as “the Ws” since the switchbacks resemble the letter W on its side. A curve is a switch-back if you turn more than 90°, so while there are many turns, only count the switch-backs. At the end of odd numbered switch-backs will be right turns and at the end of even numbered switch-backs will be left turns. In general, the Ws make up one of the hardest sections of the course. All too often this is where the outcome of your race will be decided because the seconds you work too hard to gain here could cost you minutes up on top! This is also the section that in the last several years has become severely crowded. To make matters worse this is also where those that went out too fast start to walk which further clogs up the trail. The best way to get through the Ws is to relax and keep on counting. There is plenty of wider trail up ahead before Barr Camp to do your passing. Again, those that do a lot of passing here are the same ones getting passed on the top!

About 200 yards into your second switch-back you will come to an intersection. Continue straight where you will now be on the Barr Trail. The right leads down to the parking spaces at the top of Hydro Street. Since you are now out of the trees you may encounter the sun and you will soon find out if you have overdressed! Don’t just cast off your clothes but instead tie them around your waist because you may need them at the top. As you head around a big left curve on the second switch-back there will be a very steep 100 yard or so section before you head briefly back into the trees as you make the turn to finish the second switch-back and pop back into the sun on the third switch-back. You will get a short flat section before you come to the end of the third switch-back where there is a sign reading: PEAK 12 MI, ELEV. 7,200'. If you are pushing here let this sign be a reminder that there is still about 6,850 feet of climbing left. This is a good time to point out that all of the distances and elevations on the metal trail markers are suspect. Use them as reference points only. You could go crazy trying to figure out that from start to this sign has got to be farther than what simple math (13.32 - 12) would say is 1.32 miles. Fact is, it is just over 2 miles! There is also a big rock here that rolled down to this point many years ago.

Soon after the sign and the rock you will be heading back into tree cover. The remaining Ws all have a relatively constant grade to them. Try to get into a rhythm — a rhythm that you can keep up that is. This is a beautiful section as you make you way up the next 10 switch-backs. This section is often humid at this point in the morning as the sun starts evaporating the dew. There are a few bonus switch-backs (7, 8 and 11) which are very short and there is a small flat section (20 yards or so) on both 8 and 9. Don’t underestimate the importance of these little flat sections throughout the course! If you are running a smart race they will almost feel out of place after all the climbing you have been doing and you will feel yourself running faster. If, on the other hand, you have been going too hard you will probably not even notice them and if you do they will still feel hard thus serving as yet another reminder to slow down!

There is an aid station at the end of the 12th switch-back. USE IT! At this point the former Mt. Manitou Scenic Incline Railway can be seen if you were to go over to the fence. The 13th switch-back is the longest of the set and when you finish it you will have your first view in the direction of Pikes Peak since the start. However, the summit itself is still hidden. One more note on this section is that if you glance back down towards Manitou Springs you may be surprised at just how fast you are gaining altitude. The best is yet to come...

While this is by no means the end to the switch-backs, it is such a prominent change in direction that it serves as a landmark, “the Top of the Ws,” which is a fifth of the way into the Ascent. This point should be reached in 20.1% of your scheduled Ascent time. If you are on schedule and feeling good chances are you are going to have a great race. If you find yourself much ahead of schedule it is probably too late but at least you will be able to predict the disaster to come.

The Rock Arch
Approach to the Rock Arch After reaching the top of the Ws you will notice that many of the switchbacks are slightly steeper. After several of these you will come to a section that has tricked even the seasoned peak runner into believing that they are approaching No Name Creek and the next aid station. No such luck and for that matter even the little stream is often dry by August. About 75 yards later a quick double switch-back serves as a marker that you are near the end of your first climb. The next right turn will give you a view of Pikes Peak. If you are smart you will not look because it will appear so far away. If you do look however you can repeat after me, “This serves as yet another reminder to slow down.” From this point you will have a mostly flat — there are even a few gentle downhills — traverse over to a natural rock arch. Before you get to the arch however you will learn the law of the trail which simply states: “For every flat or downhill section there is a steep section right after it.” The little climb up to the arch is a steep one!

No Name Creek
After going through the rock arch there is another double switch-back and then a short but steep section followed by two more switch-backs. After stepping up three large steps (two fence posts and a tree section) you may see a cement arch on your right which is one of many all over the mountain. They are tunnels for the Colorado Springs water system. Many a person has ducked into this one to get out of the rain before it was closed off in 2004. Shortly thereafter you will come to the Manitou Incline turn-off. Partially hidden in the bushes on the right is a sign that reads: COG RR DEPOT 3, BARR TRAIL. Continue straight! If you were to take the right you would see another sign that reads: PIKES PEAK SUMMIT 10, BARR CAMP 4, TOP OF INCLINE ½. A short and steep downhill with an even shorter flat section reaffirms the law of the trail as you climb very steeply up to No Name Creek and your third Aid Station. This station is coordinated by the enthusiastic members of the Pikes Peak Marathon Society of Arkansas who always tell you how great you look. You should be looking great because you are not even a third of the way to the top. The station should be reached in 29.3% of your Ascent time.

In the intersection there is a sign, that if not hidden by the volunteers reads: PIKES PEAK SUMMIT 9.5, BARR CAMP 3.5, OLD FREMONT EXPERIMENTAL FOREST ¼. Turn left! If, on the other hand, the race is going particularly bad for you, you could continue straight and check out the great experiment. Trees from all over the world were planted here to see which ones grew the best. Unfortunately, you will not see anything unusual (other than the remains of some concrete buildings) as the experiment ended with the only living trees being the ones that grow there naturally in the first place — no kidding.

(Note: Some refer to No Name Creek as “French Creek” but the south fork of French Creek is over a mile away and would have to run uphill to get to the Barr Trail at this point. No Name Creek originates in the area to the west of the Experimental Forest and drains down to Ruxton Creek by the Cog which then runs into Fountain Creek in Manitou.)

7.8 to summit sign
The next 100 yard section of trail is fairly wide because Colorado Springs Utilities uses this section to access various water pipes various water pipes that can be found by taking a left at a small junction in the trail. So much traffic in fact that many first timers on the Barr Trail get tricked into taking the left turn following the road instead of small trail. The Barr Trail continues straight and is rather narrow at this point — especially compared to the trail you have been running on. This is also the area where you may notice a rather sudden drop in the temperature. There are only six more switch-backs (counting the one you are on as one) before you begin the long traverse over to Barr Camp. The fourth and sixth switch-backs offer one last view (until up around the A-frame) back down to the cities below! The traverse begins with a little winding up the trail past a big rock. Soon after that you will come to the first of several level sections that proceed through a section of trees that reminds some of the Hansel and Gretel forest.

If all is going well you can really do some running here and pass by the poor souls, and their soles, who tried to conquer the Ws. However, no matter how you feel the next 2 miles are important from a strategy perspective. Whereas most of the race your pace may be forced on you by either the crowds at the bottom or the lack of air on the top this section is one of the few where you get to decide what you will do. Further, if things are not going well this is the only section where you can stage a decent recovery without stopping! Many times I have come to this point feeling lousy but have managed to recover before getting back to the serious climbing at Barr Camp. I have also come to this point many times after a well paced effort and was able to “put the race away” on this section of trail. There is a great satisfaction in pulling away from people here that you know have pushed too hard too soon:-) Just remember that even this two mile section still has an average grade of 5.5% so don’t get too carried away.

After two distinct flat sections in the space of about a half mile you will come to Bobs Road where there has often been a search and rescue vehicle parked. Getting to this point you will pass by two trees in the middle of the trail which I prefer to pass on the left. Staring in 2002 Bob’s Road also became the site of an aid station after several years of trying to get one established went unanswered. This station can drastically reduce your amount of time without water as it is almost halfway (time wise) in between No Name Creek and Barr Camp. As an example, for someone running a 4:30 Ascent (about the average) it takes about 55 minutes to run from No Name to Barr Camp. The Bob’s Road station would split that into about 25 minutes and 30 minutes. After going through the aid station the next .15 mile section contains two gentle downhills separated by a very short level section. How you feel on these is a good indicator of how your pacing has been up till now — if these feel great then you have done great. If you are feeling tired even on the downhills you are probably in for a long day! This section of trail is rather wide and great for passing. At the bottom of the 2nd and longer downhill there is an almost indistinguishable trail to the left which leads down to the same service road that you passed on your left just after No Name Creek. At this point you get your first real climb in a while and it even has a pretty steep section in it. However it is short and soon you are on another level section that will lead you to a sign that is fairly close to halfway between No Name Creek and Barr Camp. The sign reads: PIKES PEAK SUMMIT 7.8, TOP OF INCLINE 2.5 and should be reached in 39.7% of your Ascent time.

Barr Camp
Soon after leaving the 7.8 to summit sign you get another downhill that ends at a rock that has some roots from a nearby tree going under it. After a short flat section you will take your first real turn in a while when you take a left. You will be traversing around a ridge and when you reach the top of the traverse you will be treated to another flat section and your 4th gentle downhill. Another short level section and then yet another gentle downhill section follows. A short gentle up followed by a short flat section will lead to another left/right traverse that this time climbs up to Lightning Point — an excellent vantage point if you find yourself with a little extra energy to climb up the small rock outcropping. I have spent quite a bit of time sitting on these rocks admiring the view of the cities below but so far not during the race. The right turn at Lightning Point also marks the start of your last downhill. This one is steeper than the others and is also quite rocky — be careful. You will now be running next to a little creek that as far as I know does not have a name so let’s call it Lightning Creek and see if we can get something started.

Around ¾ of the way to Barr Camp from No Name Creek you will cross a little footbridge. Unfortunately this footbridge marks the end of the more level stuff that we have been enjoying for the last 2 miles but it does serve as a reminder that you are getting closer to Barr Camp. Another left/right traverse and you will be on a winding rocky section that has several rock step-ups spread out over it that can really put a sting in your legs. Just know that these step-ups means you have all but arrived at one of the more welcome signs along the Barr Trail — the ½ mile to Barr Camp sign. Some swear this is the longest half-mile in the world. However, it is not too far off — it is only 242' long — and when taken into perspective with the average pace of the race just serves as a harsh reality check. The sign reads: BARR TRAIL ELEV. 9,800', BARR CAMP .5, PIKES PEAK SUMMIT 6.5 MANITOU SPRINGS 6.5. Continue straight! If you take the left here you would, after 1½ miles, end up at the Cog Railway Mountain View station at 10,012'. They won't pick you up but the people on the train may make you feel better by looking at you with pity in their eyes. If you take the right at the sign, and you are good at following trails, you can make a loop back down to the 7.8 mile sign. If following little used trails is not your forte who knows were you will end up but I am sure someone will find you someday.

From the half-mile sign you can see up a long switch-back that ends in a short double switch-back after another one of those evil rock step-ups. Now I am not sure what Fred Barr was thinking here but this is one of the few sets of switch-backs that seem totally counter productive. However, after you go through them there are no more switch-backs to Barr Camp. Instead you will take a gradual left turn and then a sharp right which will put you in a section that often resembles a swamp. This is followed by a quick left over a small rock drainage, another rock step-up and then a sharp right turn. You are now on a nice straight-a-way that is a little more level and quite a bit wider. If you are looking you may notice a small sign on a tree on your left that says MT VIEW which is the marker for the most popular way over to the Cog Railway from Barr Camp. At the end of the straight-a-way there is a split rail fence that displays another welcome sign: BARR CAMP, PLEASE USE FOOTPATHS. Another sign on the fence reads: NO FIRES. From here you will no doubt hear the people at the Barr Camp aid station and indeed a very short time later, after going over quite a few water bar steps, you will be at the gate to Barr Camp. If all is going well you should reach the camp at 50.8% of your Ascent time. You are over halfway time-wise but not by much — less than 1%. Since the camp sits at an elevation of 10,200 feet you are also over halfway climb-wise but again not by much — 3,900 feet down, 3,850 feet to go. Some of the signage in the area reads: BOTTOMLESS PIT 4, PP 6, ELK PARK 6, CASCADE 8.5, OIL CREEK TUNNEL 4, TIMBERLINE SHELTER 3. There are two smaller signs that read: COLO SPGS (with an arrow pointing down toward Colorado Springs) and PIKES PEAK SUMMIT 6. I guess one is in case a person can not figure out what the PP on the other sign stands for and the other is to help cut down on the number of people who take the wrong turn and get lost on the Elk Park Trail coming down from the summit.

Bottomless Pit sign
It is tempting to go for the feed bag at Barr Camp but try to resist a picnic as you do not want to lose your momentum. If you do stop here and you find you are not in too big of a hurry you can sign in at the green box that reads: PLEASE REGISTER. When you leave the cheering volunteers it is back into the loneliness and the beginning of what many runners describe as mentally the hardest part of the course. What most likely makes this section so hard is that this it the last section before most runners become walkers — a tough mental decision indeed. Those that are feeling really bad can take a right immediately after Barr Camp and run a relatively flat 6 miles out Elk Park Trail and perhaps even visit the Oil Creek Tunnel on the way. They will arrive at mile 14 of the toll-road where they can flag a ride back down into some air. The law of the trail applies here too however, as the last 2 miles is nothing but up.

The Bottomless Pit sign For the rest of the runners there is nowhere else to go but up. Within a few hundred yards of Barr Camp you can see a helicopter landing pad on the left. Rides are expensive so don’t even think about it. Besides, considering the relatively small number of helicopters that have landed here you would do well to remember that one of them crashed into the trees on take-off. Although no one was seriously hurt large parts of the blade landed only a few feet off the path from Barr Camp to the Outhouse. Your odds are better if you just keep running! Three sets of right then left dog-leg turns will have you briefly running next to Cabin Creek which originates just above the A frame. The frequency of rock step-ups is now at a point that there is no point mentioning them all — get used to it. A quick right turn will take you away from the creek and take you through a series of zig-zags which will bring you to another footbridge made up of half sections of tree trunk. This footbridge is almost exactly ½ way between Barr Camp and the Bottomless Pit sign. A few feet later comes more modern footbridge. A right and two more switch-backs will put you on the long straight-a-way to the Bottomless Pit. Throughout this section you will get your first real taste of negotiating large step-size rocks that are even more pesky than the rock step-ups. Concentrate on your foot placement so you do not have to change your stride length. Again momentum is everything. Jumping onto or over rocks is a waste of energy — stay smooth and controlled.

At 58.2% of your ascent time you should reach your next trail marker — the Bottomless Pit sign: PIKES PEAK SUMMIT 4.8, BOTTOMLESS PIT 2.4 Do NOT go straight here but instead turn left before the big rock in front of the sign — although the view from the pit is a nice one, the diversion would add significantly to your time especially if you get lost after the trail peters out. Getting to this trail marker also means that you have covered roughly 1/3 of the distance from Barr Camp to the A-frame.

On to the A-Frame
You are now on one of the longer switch-backs of the course. It alone will be the 2nd third of your trip from Barr Camp to the A-frame. It helps to know that there are 15 switch-backs from the bottomless pit sign until the A-Frame so when you get to the end of this one — it does end — count the right turn as 1. The remaining 14 switch-backs make up the last 3rd of your trip from Barr Camp to the A-frame. Switch-backs 2 through 5 are medium in length and at this rate you will feel like you will never make it to the A-frame. However the next 2 are very short bringing your count to 7. Number 8 is medium in length and has some big rocks that require negotiation. Number 9 is longer still but after it you will be rewarded with 6 quick switch-backs, some of which are less than 50 meters long.

The roof of the A-frame from switch-back #11 You will also start to see the remains of the Dismal Forest caused by a fire that burned a lot of the Front Range around 1910. At the end of switchback number 11 is your next aid station which gets its water from Cabin Creek. Don't worry, it is filtered! Also, if you look carefully you can see the roof of the A-Frame from this location if you look slightly up and to your right before you make the sometimes wet turn.

At the end of switch-back number 15 you will come to another trail marker that reads: TIMBERLINE SHELTER, PIKE NATIONAL FOREST. From here the A-Frame will be down to your left. If all is going well you have reached 71.2% of your goal time. If things are not going well you can either sit down on the big log to the left or go take a nap in the A-frame. Do keep in mind the 4 hour and 30 minute cut-off time however or you could find yourself heading back down the mountain without a number.

The A-Frame from Barr Trail

The A-Frame

3 to go
Looking from the 3 mile sign to the summit A right turn and one very short switch-back after the A-Frame you will go by another trail marker that reads: BARR TRAIL ELEV 11,500', PIKES PEAK SUMMIT 3. I do not do any timing from this point because the A-frame is so close and is a much better landmark to focus on. As an aside, I am positive that this marker is off the mark. While the distance seems about right I think the altitude reads about 510 feet too low — you have done more climbing than this marker would give you credit for. My altimeter usually reads around 11,950' but is easily effected by the weather. My GPS puts this point at 12,010 feet. Logic seems to validate these readings as well. Based on the posted elevation the next mile alone would have to gain 1,200' compared to the 1,200' climb from Barr Camp in about three miles. This, as you will see, is just not so. Again, while it is no surprise that the trail markers might be off because they were put up so long ago, most people still describe the course based on these landmarks because even if the trail markers are wrong they are not moving. A quick switch-back to the right and the dead forest will be very prominent and almost scary in appearance. Do not miss this right switch-back as it is hard to see and not very obvious. If you do miss it you will be doing a very steep climb straight to the Cirque. I missed this turn in my first Pikes Peak Ascent in 1987 and after about 50 feet I found myself almost crying at how steep the “trail” had become. Then, much to my relief, the next runner called me back onto the correct trail. It has not always been this good! Back in the “old days” people cut all kinds of switch-backs — sometimes because they did not know which way to go and sometimes on purpose. A runner cut some switch-backs in the 1976 race as a protest move because he says other runners had cut the course on him in year’s past. He already had a substantial lead in the race so the race outcome probably was not effected but the shortcuts gave him a “course record” that stood for 16 years. Unlike in the “old days,” now you will be disqualified for going off the main trail anywhere on the course. In fact, several people have been DQed for this very thing in the last five or six years.

Tree line
At the end of this switch-back you will take a left — a left that will change the rules. Almost thirty percent of your time is going to be spent covering the final 3 miles if you stay on schedule. However, ask any Peak runner what happens above 12,000' and they will tell you that schedules don’t mean a thing. Indeed, this mile alone has crushed the dreams of many runners. From here on up it’s about wanting to get to the top. Think to yourself — JAM! Just Always Move! If that means running — awesome. If that means walking — super. If that means crawling — do it. About one hundred yards after the left turn you will be above tree line. This simply means that trees do not grow above this point. For runners it means there is little air in which to breath. It also means things could start to get very cold and very windy. If you have a long-sleeve shirt or jacket wrapped around your waist now is the time to put it on. Even if you feel warm, your body is working overtime to retain heat.

In memory
Your first right turn above tree line will take you past the last of any significant vegetation. A quick double switch-back will have you on a relatively level section that will pass by a large pile of rocks. It was started around 1950 by the AdAmAn club in honor of Fred Barr. Soon after that you will run past a plaque:

View from Roberts memorial
Close-up of Roberts memorial
DEDICATED TO THE MEMORY OF
G. INESTINE B. ROBERTS
AGE 88 YEARS
WHO DIED AT TIMBERLINE
AFTER HER FOURTEENTH ASCENT
OF PIKES PEAK
KINNIKINNIK CHAPTER
DAUGHTERS OF THE
AMERICAN REVOLUTION

She died in early August of 1957 while maker her 14th ascent of the peak at the age of 87. You can read the whole story here.

2 to go
2 to go sign You will now take many switch-backs with most of the ones to the right being longer than the ones to the left. This will put you on the far right side of the East face of Pikes Peak. There is no rhyme or reason to the switch-backs and counting them is next to impossible because they vary so much in size and direction and there is just not enough air for the brain to do higher math. If however, you are the counting type and you can still count and keep track there are 23 switchbacks from the A-Frame or, if you prefer, 17 from the Roberts memorial. Some of them have very loose gravel, some have rock step-ups. At any rate, in what might seem to take forever you will reach the next trail marker: BARR TRAIL ELEV 12,700', PIKES PEAK SUMMIT 2. A controlled early effort has brought you to 81.2% of your goal. This was a hard mile but if you have not wasted all of your energy the next mile is somewhat easier because it only gains 600 feet. There used to be an aid station at this sign or just before it depending on the availability of a helicopter from Ft. Carson. However, it has not been here in many years.

Looking South from the 2 to go sign A couple of switch-backs after leaving the two mile sign you will be on a long traverse over to the Cirque. While there are still a couple of smaller switch-backs — both with rock step-ups with one being a killer — for the most part it is a straight shot to the teeth-like notches in the distant horizon. As you approach the Cirque another aid station will greet you. This one gets its water from a hose running from the summit. The suction this causes is so great that they can not hook the hose up directly but instead have to siphon the water. Shortly after this a bad patch of rocks will slow you down unless you have trained on them in advance and know where to put your feet. The course then does three switch-backs along the edge of the Cirque before you come upon your next sign.

1 to go
1 mile to go The sign reads: PEAK 1 MI, ELEV 13,300. When you look up you will immediately feel that this looks to be a very long mile. In this photo you can even see a COG train on the summit. Personally, I try to avoid looking toward the summit at all during the last three miles — it ALWAYS looks farther away than I feel I can run. I prefer to take the final 3 miles one switch-back at a time. If your schedule matters anymore you are now at 89.7% of your goal. If you have anything left resist the urge to start pushing really hard just yet. There is still about 750 feet of climbing to go. Don’t let the fact that you are not quite running to the top fool you. Although this means you must also have less than a mile to go you need to keep things under control. The hard part is yet to come.

Cirque
The Cirque Sign Three switch-backs more and you will pass the Cirque sign: CIRQUE 1,500 FEET BELOW. If things are really going bad you can end it all with a sharp left turn... Otherwise, six more short switch-backs will put you on a traverse to the right under the summit. There are several rocky sections here with one particularly nasty step-up rock — you must step on the edge of a sharp rock to get onto a slick angled rock. Again, unless you have been on them you may find yourself losing ground as you stumble from one to the next. A somewhat level section will bring you to the end of the traverse where a sharp left switch-back will take you back toward and under your last major obstacle. In the middle of this switch-back there is another mean step-up and then a fast level section. When you hang the right at the end of the switch-back you will get some more step-ups before you get another short level section that will lead you to your next trail marker.

16 golden stairs
16 Golden Stairs Perhaps the most dreaded sign on the trail reads: 16 GOLDEN STAIRS. Do not bother to start counting the small number of rock step-ups because the sign is referring to the 16 switch-back pairs to the top of the Barr Trail. Of the remaining 32 switch-backs you will be doing 28½ of them. Even if you are not pressing the effort that it takes to get through the first 11 will put you into oxygen debt if you are not there already. Be careful, try to stay smooth and avoid large energy zapping movements over the step-ups. After you get through the first 7 switch-backs there will be a 1 switch-back relief before another 3 try to finish you off. However, after the 11th switch-back — watch your head, a rock is sticking out just waiting to get you — you will go through a series of 4 easy switch-backs that will put you on a flat section that even leads to a little downhill! If you have it in you, now is the time to push because there are only 13 more switch-backs, not counting this one, to the finish line. Build your momentum on the level part and let it carry you down the little incline and over a section that is often very wet to get you started up the next switch-back. If you have been walking and intend on doing the round-trip try to run the flat and downhill section because this will help prepare your legs for the turnaround at the top.

View of the area just covered
1 Mile, Cirque and 16 Golden Stairs...

For Fred Barr
Five very short switch-backs after the curve at the end of the flat section the course passes by a sign:

The Fred Barr Sign
TO HONOR THE MEMORY OF
FRED BARR
BUILDER OF BARR TRAIL
CONSTRUCTED 1914-1918

You may miss it as you would have to be looking up to see it.

Looking up to Fred Barr SignLooking down to Fred Barr sign

The top
The Fred Barr sign means that there are only 8 more switch-backs to go. Three short and shallow switch-backs will put you on the right traverse that will take you up and almost level with the finish or turnaround point. The turn to the left at the end of this switch-back will get you to the finish after a zig-zag — count them as switch-backs — and 2 very small switch-backs. Now is NOT the time to sprint in either race! There is no sense going into oxygen debt and then having to either stop and try to recover where there is 27% less partial pressure of oxygen, or try to run back down over the course while you are dizzy. If this is your finish, savor the moment and enjoy it while you do the last four switch-backs or the final two 16 golden stairs to reach the top of the Barr Trail! If this is your turnaround grab some food and water and get out of there. Keep a steady pace and try to descend as quickly as you can. There is more food, water and most importantly, air down below.

Back down
Many runners view the turnaround and the run back down as the start of a different race. While this may be positive from a mental point of view, it is important to remember that you are not starting this “new race” with a fresh body, or mind. It is also important to remember that there is still a half marathon to go — downhill or not — and pacing is crucial. Many a runner has seen Barr Camp with little effort only to walk much of the final miles.

To the 16 Golden Stairs
The first few switch-backs may be rough going because they are fairly rocky and you may still be feeling the effects of your ascent. However, you should start to feel better with each passing step and it is not uncommon to see runners sprinting through these switch-backs jumping off of rocks with arms flailing. Don’t! It is a precious waste of energy, better saved for down below. Keep controlled and give your mind and body a chance to adjust to going downhill. Time passes quickly up here and many runners don’t realize that they are running through the 16 golden stairs until they almost run into the sign at the end of them.

To the A-frame
After leaving the 16-golden stairs the switch-backs become longer and less rocky. This is a good time to start opening up your stride and getting used to the loose gravel that will be with you until the A-frame. It is very easy to have your feet slide out from under you on any of the switch-backs. Be careful of the short rocky sections both before and after the Cirque. At high speeds misjudging your step can be a painful experience. Complicating the matter is the fact that uphill and downhill traffic must use the same trail. If you are running uphill you should yield to the downhill runner. If you are going down, try to remember how you felt on your way up and anticipate runners not being able to respond fast enough to get out of your way.

If you did not drink and eat at the top now is a good time to use the aid station provided. It can get very hot as you descend and dehydration is your worst enemy. As you make you way to the A-frame the loose gravel gets deeper. It is common for little rocks to get in your shoes. If this happens, the time you spend taking them out will probably be less than the time you might lose if you leave them in. Again use the aid station at the A-frame because from here on out the temperature will most likely be rising.

To Barr Camp
Many runners have their worst falls between the A-frame and Barr Camp. Because of the shade amidst trees, the lighting can be tricky. There is also an abundance of tree roots and little rocks that seem to reach up and grab unsuspecting runners. On the way up these switch-back got shorter, so be prepared for them to get longer on the way down. Again counting down from 15 starting at the A-frame will get you to the Bottomless Pit sign. There are several large rocks and boulders to negotiate in this section so try to look ahead. On the way up it was important to stay smooth so as not to waste energy. On the way down this is just as important if not more so. If you jump inefficiently off of rocks you are subjecting your legs to unnecessary stress when landing. This pounding accumulates and can adversely affect you — if not during the race, the following day. Try to imagine yourself as a hurdler with your body not going up and down but instead lifting your legs over the obstacle. As you get closer to Barr Camp the trail becomes wider and it is easier to run faster. Pay attention! Those little rocks and roots have not gone away. As always, do not think that by passing up the aid station at Barr Camp you will be saving yourself any time.

To No Name Creek
Getting to No Name Creek can be surprisingly difficult because it is during this time you must go back up the downhills that you were so thankful for on the way up. These “little” hills were referred to as “gentle” on the way up and to many they almost seemed insignificant. It is funny how time and distance can change one’s perspective. If you are not feeling strong on the hills, don’t worry. They are short. But any sign of weakness is good indicator to take in some food and water when you reach the Bobs Road aid station. If you are feeling good try to resist powering through the hills, because you are still at 9000' and they can easily turn several hours of smart running into a disaster.

As you come back to the switch-back portion of the trail you will get your first glance of the city below. Although it seems far off try to keep a positive outlook — it is less than 4 miles of running. The last several switch-backs approaching the No Name Creek aid station are fairly steep — avoid using your quads to slow down. Instead, take shorter and faster steps. Think of it as if you were changing gears to downshift in a car. Again, remember to use the Aid Station!

To the Ws
After going up the last significant uphill that leads pastthe Manitou Incline trail, many runners get their first feelings that they are truly going to survive and finish the race. However, those that have not planned properly will find the same wall as in a regular marathon patiently waiting for them. After passing though the rock arch, there is a level section, followed by a small rise. That rise should serve as a reminder that you will be approaching a short double switch-back. If you are going too fast you may find yourself missing the second one and flying down an embankment. Some runners use the fence posts to swing around the switch-backs. Other runners prefer coming into the curves wide, cutting them close, and exiting wide. Again, liken your technique to driving a car around a curve. Whatever you decide, it is important to keep your momentum.

The final 13
As you turn left back onto the front of Rocky Mountain start your backwards countdown! You have only 13 more switch-backs, and for the most part each one gets shorter than the last. Pay attention as always because the rocks and roots are still seeking victims. Do not get confused at the intersection on your 12th switch-back. Ignore the sign and head straight back down to the creek the way you came up. The sharp left switch-back would take you to the Barr Trail trailhead on a flatter, albeit slightly longer trail. The final downhill back to the road and then the really steep section down to Hydro Street can be a quad buster. If you can, just let go and try not to resist gravity — besides there is no point holding anything back now — you are all but finished.

The finish
The pavement will probably feel pretty hard after all the time you spent on the gentle trail, but rest assured you are almost at the finish line and it is all gentle downhill until you get there. As you make your way down Ruxton Avenue you will start to see more and more spectators as you approach the finish area. Hundreds of people will be cheering you on from the sidewalks and reaching out for a "high five" to congratulate you. You may have heard the announcer for the past few miles but now you can see him and he's calling your name! When you turn onto Manitou Avenue you will see the finish line. Your friends are waiting to greet you. Volunteers are ready to take your race tag and hang a medal around your neck to commemorate your finish. Congratulations, you've done it! Now, if you can, try to do a little cool down. It will make the celebrations yet to come that much better!


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